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Encyclopaedia of stones

Citrine

Citrine is a variety of quartz whose color ranges from a pale yellow to brown due to ferric impurities. Natural citrines are rare; most commercial citrines are heat-treated amethysts or smoky quartzes.
Sometimes citrine and amethyst can be found together in the same crystal, which is then referred to as ametrine. Citrine has been referred to as the "merchant's stone" or "money stone", due to a superstition that it would bring prosperity.
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Colors
Yellow – orange, sometimes green

Family
Quartz

A selection of jewels with citrine

Origin

Belonging to the family of quartz, citrine is a stone that is rarely found in the natural state. Its deposits, which are frequently those of amethysts, are mainly located in the United States, Spain, Uruguay and Madagascar. However, Brazil is the main producer of citrin with its significant deposits in the states of Rio Grande do Sul and Minas Gerais. Moreover, the most beautiful stones come from this country, to mention only the famous faceted citrine of more than 2 000 carats which is exposed in Washington, the Smithsonian Institute.

Virtues

Citrine helps fight against sleep problems and stomach disorders. It is also beneficial against irrational mood swings. This gem is known as well as the stone of wealth or abundance. It is supposed to increase wealth and help preserve it.

Specifications

The citrine is a variety of macro-crystalline quartz, which is frequently found in the same deposits as amethyst. Its special colour comes from traces of iron. Sometimes citrine and amethyst are found in the same crystal which is called ametrine. Combination of the two stones, ametrine is a nice mix of yellow and purple tones.

History

The name of the citrine comes from the Latin word "citrus", meaning "lemon" in French, with reference to its color. This stone was already known in ancient Greece. The Romans used it to make cabochons and intaglios. The men of antiquity used it, for their part, as precious stones endowed with power. It seems she had the gift of keeping them from poisonous snake bites, bad eyes, and negative thoughts. In the 1800s, citrine served, among other things, decoration on combs and tiaras.
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