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OriginThe genesis of carnelian is postvolcanic, it can occur in hot springs, weathering crusts, sometimes sediments. It is found mainly in India, Indonesia, Yemen, Egypt, Madagascar, Brazil, Mozambique, Russia and the United States.
VirtuesCarnelian is known as the self-esteem gemstone of excellence. It is said to be a powerful motivator. By helping you overcome the various parts of your personality that may hold you back, carnelian allows you to claim your true destiny. It is believed to grant confidence, assertiveness and an unstoppable drive to succeed. Carnelian is also commonly a symbol of fertility.
SpecificationsCarnelian is a microcrystalline variety of quartz belonging to the class of oxides and the group of chalcedonies. This bright orange stone is most often translucent but sometimes milky. It is colored by the iron oxide it contains.
The main deposits are in cavities of many types of rock, most often in soils rich in silicas that have solidified at low temperatures.
The genesis of carnelian is postvolcanic, it can occur in hot springs, weathering crusts, sometimes sediments.
HistoryCarnelian is known and used for millennia, and is mentioned in many legends. Among the Egyptians, she was supposed to accompany the dead in their journey to the afterlife. It is mentioned in Genesis: "the gold of this country is pure and there are the bdellium and the carnelian stone".
In the Epic of Gilgamesh, this 6000-year-old story written in Mesopotamia, the king of Uruk meditates near his lifeless brother Enkidou, making offerings to the Sun: honey in a cup of carnelian, butter in a cup of lapis lazuli ...
Mohammed, prophet of Allah in Islam, wore a carnelian ring. Closer to home, George Sand tells the story of a carnelian in one of his grandmother's tales, "The Red Hammer." She describes it in a style as scientific as literary: "Detached from a carnelian rock, it was carnelian itself, not the color of those vulgar flints of ox-blood that litter our paths, but of a fleshy pink veined with amber parts, and transparent like a crystal. Splendid vitrification, produced by the action of plutonium fires on the siliceous bark of the earth ... "